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 O ano 2023 na ciência infographic
A infografia mostra alguns avanços científicos de 2023.
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Avanços científicos em 2023

By Duncan Mil

November 30, 2023 - Os principais feitos da ciência este ano incluem avanços na energia de fusão nuclear pelos cientistas do Laboratòrio Nacional Lawrence Livermore, abrindo caminho a eventuais passos no futuro para uma energia limpa.

The experiment in July generated a burst of energy measured at 3.88 megajoules (MJ) after 192 lasers delivered 2.05MJ to the target. 89% more energy came out of the target than went into it -- equivalent to almost two sticks of dynamite.

The Livermore results raise hopes that fusion can one day generate bountiful amounts of electricity without producing greenhouse gases.

Earlier in April, the European Space Agency launched its Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer -- Juice -- to study the Jupiter system. Jupiter’s moons, Ganymede, Europa and Callisto, are thought to have oceans beneath their surfaces. Juice will explore their hidden oceans, map their icy shells, and investigate their interiors.

In November, the UK approved gene therapy as a potential cure for two inherited blood disorders.

“This is a world-first and a significant moment for researchers, clinicians and, most of all, people with sickle cell disease and beta thalassaemia,” said Professor Josu de la Fuente, Consultant Haematologist & Director of the Paediatric BMT Programme at Imperial College London Healthcare NHS Trust.

Sources
PUBLISHED: 06/12/2023; STORY: Graphic News
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