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 Risco de golpes de estado em África infographic
A infografia mostra os golpes recentes e quatro países em risco de golpe militar.
GN44879PT

POLÍTICA

Contágio de golpes na África Ocidental

By Duncan Mil

September 27, 2023 - O golpe militar no Gabão em agosto foi o oitavo golpe de estado na
África subsaariana em três anos. Os recentes golpes fizeram soar alarmes sobre o modo como os países ocidentais apoiaram governos autoritários em nome da estabilidade.

U.S.-based geopolitical intelligence platform Stratfor warns that heavy-handed tactics to suppress dissent in Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea and the two Congo states -- previously colonised by European powers, France, Spain and Belgium -- also present a backdrop for military takeovers.

Rampant insecurity, grand-scale corruption, money laundering and factionalism create a permissive environment for opportunistic military commanders to overthrow their leaders.

As long ago as 2019, an investigation by Global Witness alleged that Denis Christel and Claudia Sassou-Nguesso, the son and daughter of the Republic of Congo’s President, embezzled over $70 million from state coffers.

“Funds for this extravagant spending likely came, at least in part, from stolen state funds that should instead have improved the lives of Congolese citizens,” said Mariana Abreu, Campaigner at Global Witness.

Similarly, in Equatorial Guinea, one of sub-Saharan Africa’s biggest oil producers, the son of President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo enjoys a lavish lifestyle that contrasts starkly with the lives of his fellow citizens.

Stratfor concludes that government failure to address public discontent over insecurity and corruption enables opportunistic military leaders to oust regimes and allows them to raid treasuries themselves.

Sources
PUBLISHED: 27/09/2023; STORY: Graphic News; PICTURES: Getty Images
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