Efeito gerador de energia do ar infographic
A infografia mostra como a eletricidade é gerada usando nanoporos de quase qualquer material.


Efeito gerador de energia do ar

By Phil Bainbridge

July 5, 2023 - A visão do inventor Nikola Tesla dos anos 1930 da atmosfera como enorme bateria, tendo a Terra e a camada superior da atmosfera como dois elétrodos, vai ser realizada à escala microscópica usando a humidade do ar.

The hydrologic cycle, in which water vapour is released from rivers, lakes and oceans to form clouds, which then precipitate, reversing the flow, is the Earth’s largest energy carrier, regulator and balancer, exchanging twice the current total global energy demand.

Scientists have discovered that it is possible to simulate this effect on a microscopic scale using materials with nanopores - holes less than 100 nanometres wide - or less than one thousandth the width of a human hair, which allow the water molecules to pass from the top to a lower level. Water molecules - which all carry a charge - suspended in the air as atmospheric humidity will bump into the sides of these nanopores, creating an energy imbalance between the top where they enter and the lower level, in much the same way as the droplets in a thundercloud.

Having originally discovered the process using protein nanowires, the researchers found that in fact almost any material could be used so long as the pores are sufficiently small.

Since humidity is available all through the day and night, the generator could continue to work round the clock, unlike technologies such as wind and solar which only work in specific conditions. Although each thin layer converts atmospheric humidity into a very small amount of power, in principle it should be possible to stack them for household or even industrial scale applications.

PUBLISHED: 06/07/2023; STORY: Graphic News; PICTURES: Getty Images