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 Produção de cocaína a níveis recorde infographic
A infografia mostra o cultivo da planta de coca e as apreensões em todo o mundo entre 2010 e 2021.


Produção de cocaína a níveis recorde

By Jordi Bou

March 16, 2023 - O cultivo de coca cresceu 35% entre 2020 e 2021 para níveis recorde
com a procura a recuperar após as restrições da Covid, indica um relatório da ONU.

Coca cultivation soared 35 per cent from 2020 to 2021, a record high and the sharpest year-to-year increase since 2016.

The rise is a result of both an expansion in coca bush cultivation and improvements in the process of converting coca bush to cocaine hydrochloride, the drug which is then sold on the streets.

Despite record cocaine seizures of nearly 2,000 tons in 2021, anti-narcotics efforts have only slowed down the growth of cocaine smuggling as it continues to meet the rapacious global demand for the drug.

Overall, the the report found Europe and North America are the largest markets for cocaine, followed by South and Central America and the Caribbean.

The growing global demand for production has been met by a surge in coca cultivation in Bolivia, Peru, and particularly, Colombia.

PUBLISHED: 16/03/2023; STORY: Graphic News; PICTURES: Getty Images