Exportações de petróleo russo por mar em queda infographic
A infografia mostra a variação das exportações de petróleo russo por mar desde a invasão da Ucrânia.


Caem as exportações de petróleo russo por mar

By Duncan Mil

September 27, 2022 - As exportações de petróleo da Rússia por mar caíram quase 900.000 barris por dia (bpd) na primeira metade de setembro, enquanto que as exportações dos EUA para a Europa deverão aumentar mais de um milhão de bpd.

The U.K. has already stopped importing Russian crude following Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine, and the E.U. will ban imports from December 5. Europe has already cut shipborne imports of Russian oil by almost 75 per cent from pre-war levels.

Russia will ship its oil to Asia and the Middle East. At the same time, refined fuel produced in these regions will flow to the West as sanctions disrupt the global oil trade, Chief Executive Officer Russell Hardy, Chief Executive Officer of Vitol, the Dutch energy and commodity trading company, said on Monday (September 26, 2022).

“It’s going to go further and longer distances and find different markets, and in doing that, it’s going to have to trade at a discount,” Hardy told a forum at the 38th Annual Asia Pacific Petroleum Conference (APPEC) 2022 conference.

Europe will also need more infrastructure for liquefied natural gas (LNG) discharge as the continent’s infrastructure is “basically full,” Hardy added.

The U.S. could soon overtake Russia as the leading crude supplier to the E.U. and the U.K. combined -- by August, U.S. imports lagged those from Russia by just 40,000 b/d compared with a 1.3 million b/d pre-war average, according to the IEA.

PUBLISHED: 27/09/2022; STORY: Graphic News