Planos da Europa para aliviar o choque energético
September 15, 2022 -
A União Europeia tenciona reunir €140.000 milhões aplicando uma taxa
sobre as receitas excessivas dos produtores de eletricidade de baixo
custo e sobre os lucros excessivos das firmas de combustíveis fósseis.
“In these times it is wrong to receive extraordinary record profits benefiting from war and on the back of consumers,” said Ursula von der Leyen, European Commission president, in a State of the Union address yesterday (September 14, 2022).
Von der Leyen proposed a mandatory threshold of €180 per megawatt-hour (MWh) for companies that produce low-cost, non-gas energy, such as nuclear and renewables. However, member states will be free to put lower thresholds of their own.
The EU also seeks a “crisis contribution” levy from “major oil, gas and coal companies that are also making huge profits,” von der Leyen said. She said that such payments and the windfall tax would be “emergency and temporary measures”, and the bloc needed to cut electricity demand, lower gas prices and ensure the security of supply.
The proposals need member states’ approval. Energy ministers will discuss the plan on September 30.