Guerra nuclear matia 5.000 milhões de pessoas à fome
August 16, 2022 - Mais de 5.000 milhões de pessoas morreriam de fome se houvesse uma guerra nuclear em grande escala entre os EUA e a Rússia.
A new study by Rutgers University in New Jersey, published in the journal Nature Food, models what would happen if the United States and its allies entered into a full-scale nuclear war with Russia.
The report hypothesises that more than 150 million tonnes of soot would be generated as a result of firestorms created by the detonation of atomic bombs – the U.S. and Russia possess 90% of the global nuclear arsenal.
The rise of sun-blocking stratospheric soot would devastate the Earth’s climate – creating a nuclear winter – and severely limiting terrestrial and aquatic food production for years.
The authors estimate the number of direct fatalities would be 360 million people, with over 5 billion people expected to perish from starvation two years later as food supplies are exhausted and global trade all but ends.
The warning comes after UN secretary-general Antonio Guterres recently said, while citing the Middle East, North Korea and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, “humanity is just one misunderstanding, one miscalculation away from nuclear annihilation”.