O que se sabe da cúpula dos talibãs
August 16, 2021 - Fundados pelo Mullá Mohammed Omar e pelo Mullá Abdul Ghani Baradar em 1994, os talibãs emergem do caos da guerra civil. Após a invasão soviética de 1979, uma década de guerra de guerrilha tinha atraído rebeldes “mujaedines” de todo o mundo islâmico -- incluindo o jiadista saudita Ossama ben Laden.
Backed by Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) agency, the Taliban seized power in 1996. Mullah Omar imposed a ruthless brand of Sharia (Islamic law), with public executions, amputation for those found guilty of theft, and the brutal oppression of women.
Mullah Omar grants sanctuary to bin Laden and his followers in 1998. The same year, Al Qaeda attacks against United States Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania killed 224 people.
Al Qaeda attacked the American destroyer USS Cole in 2000, killing 17 U.S. sailors. Still, it took the 9/11 attacks, which killed 2,977 people in the United States, to trigger the U.S.-led invasion of Afghanistan.