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 Custo da guerra na Síria infographic
A infografia mostra os custos estimados da guerra na Síria.


Custo de dez anos de guerra na Síria

By Duncan Mil

May 27, 2021 - O Presidente Bashar al-Assad prepara um quarto mandato quando a Síria está em ruínas após uma década de guerra. Mais de metade da população – que era de 23 milhões no início do conflito – abandonou as suas casas.

The UK-based Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR) has documented 227,413 civilians killed from the start of the popular uprising in March 2011, including 14,506 by torture.

Syria’s prisons also hold tens of thousands of detainees. Of more than 149,000 political prisoners, almost 102,000 remain missing, according to SNHR.

Of 12.2 million displaced people -- 53 per cent of the pre-conflict population -- 5.5 million live as refugees in the region, mainly in Turkey. 6.7 million people remain displaced inside Syria, including an estimated 2.5 million children.

The UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia calculates the cost of physical destruction at $117.7 billion and the economic damage in terms of lost GDP (Gross Domestic Product) at $324.5 billion.

More than 80 per cent of the population live in extreme poverty -- on less than $1.90 a day -- and the Syrian pound has plunged in value against the dollar, with inflation skyrocketing.

Despite the human cost of the conflict, Assad once more is preparing to renew his grip on power for another seven years.

PUBLISHED: 27/05/2021; STORY: Graphic News; PICTURES: Getty Images