A infografia mostra como funciona a ecolocalização e as possíveis teorias relacionadas com os encalhamentos de baleias.
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Quase 400 baleias morrem no pior encalhamento na Austrália

By Jordi Bou

September 24, 2020 - Quando quase 400 baleias piloto morreram na Austrália, no maior
encalhamento nos registos, os cientistas apontam as possíveis razões
que podem explicar o fenómeno, incluindo erros de navegação.

While scientists don’t know the exact reason, they do know that whales - and dolphins, which are also prone to mass beaching - are very sociable animals.

They travel in large, close-knit communities which rely on constant communication.

Many of the recorded mass strandings include long-finned or short-finned pilot whales – a species of oceanic dolphin that grows up to 7 metres and can weigh up to 3 tonnes.

Pilot whales use sophisticated sonar to find prey and for orientation, so some theories link strandings to changes in electromagnetic fields.

These changes can be caused by solar storms or earthquakes but there is also a strong connection between active sonar, such as naval sonar, and strandings.

Pilot whales often follow a leader, and are known to gather around injured or distressed whales. one theory is that one leading individual, maybe in poor health, could mistakenly lead the whole group to shore.

Failure of whales’ sonar pulses to detect shoreline in shallow waters could also be a factor.

The largest mass stranding in modern recorded history was 1,000 whales on the shores of the Chatham Islands, a New Zealand territory in the Pacific Ocean in 1918.

PUBLISHED: 24/09/2020; STORY: Graphic News
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