História das missões a Marte
July 30, 2020 - A humanidade lançou dezenas de sondas a Marte desde1960 numa tentativa para conhecer o Planeta Vermelho, com um número recorde de missões robóticas dos EUA, Europa e EAU a lançar este ano.
Countries have tried about 50 times to reach the fourth planet from the sun, and more than half of those missions failed.
On 2 December 1971, the USSR's Mars-3 lander became the first spacecraft to land softly on Mars. The Soviet probe transmitted for about two minutes from the Martian surface before its systems went dead. The nasty dust storm raging at the time might have been the culprit.
Only NASA has successfully landed and operated probes and rovers since then, starting with Viking 1 in 1976.
All Nasa spacecraft launched to Mars since 1999 - from the Spirit, Opportunity and Curiosity rovers, to orbiting craft such as Mars Odyssey and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter - have not only succeeded but have operated long past their prime missions.
In its latest mission NASA has sent the next-generation of Mars rover – Perseverance – to search for traces of potential past life on Earth’s planetary neighbour.