CRIMES DE GUERRA
25º aniversário do massacre de Srebrenica
July 11, 2020 - Têm lugar cerimónias para assinalar o 25º aniversário do massacre de Srebrenica, a pior atrocidade em solo europeu desde o Holocaustot. Mais de 8.000 homens e jovens muçulmanos são mortos em Srebrenica em apenas três dias depois de a cidade ser tomada por sérvios da Bósnia nos meses finais da guerra fraticida de 1992-95.
With the support of Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic's government in Belgrade, Bosnian Serb forces led by General Ratko Mladic attacked the eastern enclave of Srebrenica where about 40,000 Bosnian Muslims had found shelter under United Nations protection.
After Srebrenica fell into Serb hands on July 11, 1995, the women and children were separated from the men and bussed to territory controlled by the Bosnian army. Some 8,000 men and boys were then executed by Bosnian Serb forces.
A quarter of a century later, the bodies of more than 7,000 victims of the Srebrenica genocide have been exhumed, identified and buried, but more than 1,000 people are still missing, or their remains awaiting recovery and identification.
In 2017, Ratko Mladic was convicted of war crimes and sent to prison for life. Radovan Karadzic, former President of the Republika Srpska, was convicted of genocide in 2013 while Slobodan Milosevic, former president of Serbia, indicted on charges of genocide, and crimes against humanity, died before his sentencing.
But despite high-level prosecutions of some of the main perpetrators of the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, there is still a huge backlog of cases where justice has yet to be served.
- Heres the awful story of the worst European massacre since World War II (Business INsider)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina: 25th Anniversary of Srebrenica massacre is a sombre warning from history (Amnesty International)
- Survivors of Srebrenica genocide march to honour victims, 25 years on (Reuters)
- Srebrenica Timeline (RFERL)