Ludwig van Beethoven nasceu há 250 anos
December 16, 2020 - Ludwig van Beethoven, o compositor e pianista alemão, é uma figura definidora da música ocidental, cujas obras marcaram a transição entre as eras clássica e romântica. A sua surdez nos ´ltimos dias de vida torna os seus feitos musicais ainda mais espantosos.
Born in 1770 in the city of Bonn, in present-day Germany, Beethoven moved to Vienna as a young musician and went on to become one of the most celebrated composers of all time.
Rooted in the classical traditions of Mozart and Haydn, his art encompasses the new spirit of humanism and incipient nationalism of the age, as expressed in the literary works of Goethe and Schiller, the moral imperatives of Kant, and the ideals of the French Revolution, with its passionate concern for the freedom and dignity of the individual.
His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 concertos for piano, 32 piano sonatas, and 16 string quartets.
His Moonlight Sonata for the piano and dramatic four-note opening to his Fifth Symphony are among the best known pieces of classical music ever written. His Ode to Joy, part of the Ninth Symphony, has been adopted by the European Union as the Anthem of Europe.
His personal life was marked by a heroic struggle against encroaching deafness, and some of his most important works were composed during the last 10 years of his life when he had lost his hearing entirely.