Lei da cidadania na Índia infographic
A infografia mostra a localização dos centros de detenção e a percentagem de cidadãos muçulmanos em cada estado.
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POLÍTICA

A controversa lei da cidadania indiana

By Duncan Mil

January 2, 2020 - O Registo Nacional de População da Índia – uma base de dados dos
residentes em todos os estados excepto Assam – pode abrir caminho a um Registo Nacional de Cidadãos (RNC) em toda a Índia. O estado de Assam, produtor de chá, implementou o primeiro RNC da Índia em 1951.

The contentious Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), has stoked concerns that Hindu nationalist Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government wants to marginalise India’s 200 million-plus Muslim minority.

The CAA gives religious minority members -- Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Parsis, Christians and Buddhists -- from three neighbouring Islamic countries a path to citizenship. However, Muslims must prove their Indian ancestry, a challenge in a nation where many people lack official documentation.

On December 24, India’s cabinet approved funds for the National Population Register-2020 (NPR-2020) -- Rs 87.54 billion ($1.23 billion) for conducting the fieldwork and Rs 39.41 billion ($553million) for updating the NPR.

Home Minister Amit Shah has issued a “2019 Model Detention Manual,” asking states to set up at least one detention centre for illegal migrants. Authorities have built detention centres near the cities of Mumbai and Bangalore, along with Kolkata and Bongaon in West Bengal, at Mapusa in Goa, and Lampur near Delhi.

Construction of a detention centre which can house up to 3,000 people is near completion in Assam’s Matia, the first of 10 new camps in the state. Six existing centres currently hold more than 1,000 detainees. Addressing an election rally in Delhi on December 22, Modi denied the existence of any detention centres.

“There are no detention centres. All these stories about detention centres are lies, lies and lies,” Modi said.

PUBLISHED: 02/01/2020; STORY: Graphic News; PICTURES: Getty Images
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