Poluição do ar reduz esperança de vida infographic
A infografia mostra os níveis de poluição do ar na Índia em 5 Nov e a perda média de esperança de vida no mundo e na Índia desde 1998 a 2016 devida à poluição.
GN39689

ÍNDIA

Ar poluído reduz em 7 anos esperança de vida na Índia

By Jordi Bou

November 5, 2019 - Com o fumo a toldar Nova Deli, um novo estudo mostra que a poluição
do ar pode reduzir a esperança de vida até sete anos numa ampla
região do norte da Índia, onde vive cerca de 40 por cento da população.

More than 480 million people reside in the seven States and union territories comprising the bulk of the Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP) region of north India namely Bihar, Chandigarh, Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal.

The Air Quality Life Index (AQLI), produced by the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (EPIC), shows there has been a 72% increase in pollution from 1998 to 2016 in the IGP region. In 1998, the impact on people’s lives from dirty air would have been 3.7 years of life expectancy.

In 1998, citizens living outside of the IGP region lost 1.2 years of life relative to what it would have been if air quality met the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. In 2016, citizens in non-IGP states lost about 2.6 years of life compared to 7 years in the IGP region.

Delhi entered its 10th consecutive day of hazardous air pollution on Tuesday, according to air quality analysts IQAir AirVisual, making it the longest string of severely polluted days for the city since records began in 2016.

PUBLISHED: 05/11/2019; STORY: Graphic News; PICTURES: Getty Images
Graphic News Standards