Como a I Guerra Mundial mudou o mapa da Europa, interactivo
July 12, 2018 -- O mapa da Europa sofreu uma drástica revisão após a I Guerra Mundial. As Potências Centrais derrotadas – Alemanha, Áustria-Hungria e Turquia – sofreram enormes perdas territoriais, e nasceram novos estados independentes, desde a Finlândia no norte à Jugoslávia no sul.
The military hostilities of World War I ceased with an armistice at 11am on November 11, 1918, but a formal end to the war was not reached until the signing of the Treaty of Versailles in June 1919.
The Big Four leaders of the victorious Allies – Lloyd George of Britain, Orlando of Italy, Clemenceau of France and Woodrow Wilson from the U.S. – dominated decision-making at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference. The Central Powers had little say and were forced to submit to a series of punitive treaties which stripped them of land and imposed military restrictions and huge reparation payments.
The treaties sowed deep resentment among the populations of the defeated powers, especially in Germany, and their governments soon set about finding ways to circumvent the accords. The resulting international instability was the very opposite of the lasting peace the Allies had hoped to achieve.