Tol encephalitis in India stijgt
June 21, 2019 -- Een epidemie van acuut encephalitis syndroom (AES) – een hersenvirus – sinds begin juni meer dan 600 kinderen heeft getroffen en minstens 136
gedood in de hele Indiase staat Bihar.
Bihar state is one of India’s most impoverished and home to almost 100 million people, is also struggling with a significant heat wave that is the country’s second-longest on record and has so far claimed 78 lives.
AES, which is known locally as Chamki Bukhar, claimed a record 150 lives in 2014.
Bihar’s Muzaffarpur district has borne the brunt of the AES casualties, accounting for 117 deaths. The victims come from poor families who often suffer from malnutrition and dehydration.
Experts have blamed the deaths on hypoglycin A -- a toxin found in unripe lychees. When eaten by malnourished children, hypoglycin A causes hypoglycaemia, which rapidly decreases blood sugar levels.
Symptoms include confusion or disorientation, seizures, weakness or loss of movement in some parts of the body, and loss of consciousness leading to death.