Europa’s “vuil geld”-schandaal van €200 mrd
October 4, 2018 -- Een stroom van €200 miljard van mistige niet-ingezeten fondsen door online transactieservices* van Danske Estonia tussen 2007 en 2015 omvat meer dan een vijfde van grensoverschrijdende ontvangsten via de Baltische staat.
A decade ago, Estonia’s banks, eager to become a private banking hub for eastern Europe, moved from traditional private banking to transactional banking where money flows in and out immediately.
Estonia cross-border transactions, including non-resident flows, amounted to €887.6 billion between 2008 and 2015, according to figures from the country’s central bank.
The Wall Street Journal has reported that four big banks helped Danske Bank Estonia’s shady deals. JPMorgan, Bank of America and Deutsche Bank AG all made dollar transfers on behalf of the banks non-resident customers.
JPMorgan quit Estonian cross-border handling payments in July 2013, citing concerns about non-resident customers, and was replaced as the correspondent bank by Bank of America, while Deutsche pulled out in August 2015, having identified 10 Danske customers who had been involved in “suspicious behaviour”.
While the bulk of responsibility lies with Denmark’s regulator, the laundering scandal has now drawn in watchdogs in Europe and the United States.