Hoe WO I de kaart van Europa veranderde
July 12, 2018 -- De kaart van Europa onderging een drastische revisie na de Eerste Wereldoorlog. De verslagen Centrale machten – Duitsland, Oostenrijk-Hongarije en Turkije – leden enorme territoriale verliezen, en nieuwe onafhankelijke landen werden geboren, van Finland in het noorden tot Joegoslavië in het zuiden.
The military hostilities of World War I ceased with an armistice at 11am on November 11, 1918, but a formal end to the war was not reached until the signing of the Treaty of Versailles in June 1919.
The Big Four leaders of the victorious Allies – Lloyd George of Britain, Orlando of Italy, Clemenceau of France and Woodrow Wilson from the U.S. – dominated decision-making at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference. The Central Powers had little say and were forced to submit to a series of punitive treaties which stripped them of land and imposed military restrictions and huge reparation payments.
The treaties sowed deep resentment among the populations of the defeated powers, especially in Germany, and their governments soon set about finding ways to circumvent the accords. The resulting international instability was the very opposite of the lasting peace the Allies had hoped to achieve.