Enzephalitis Fälle in Indien
June 21, 2019 -- Eine Epidemie von Akutem Enzephalitis Syndrom (AES) – Entzündung des Gehirns – ist bei über 600 Kindern aufgetreten, es gibt bisher 150 Todesfälle.Die Erkrankung hat sich seit Anfang Juni vor allem im Staat Bihar ausgebreitet.
Bihar state is one of India’s most impoverished and home to almost 100 million people, is also struggling with a significant heat wave that is the country’s second-longest on record and has so far claimed 78 lives.
AES, which is known locally as Chamki Bukhar, claimed a record 150 lives in 2014.
Bihar’s Muzaffarpur district has borne the brunt of the AES casualties, accounting for 150 deaths. The victims come from poor families who often suffer from malnutrition and dehydration.
Experts have blamed the deaths on hypoglycin A -- a toxin found in unripe lychees. When eaten by malnourished children, hypoglycin A causes hypoglycaemia, which rapidly decreases blood sugar levels.
Symptoms include confusion or disorientation, seizures, weakness or loss of movement in some parts of the body, and loss of consciousness leading to death.