May 20, 2019 -- Die iranische Marine verfügt über Seezielraketen, die von Untersee- Booten abgefeuert werden, Luftraumüberwachung mittels unbemannter Fluggeräte sowie Schnellangriffsboote (FAC), die "Schwarmangriffe" auf Schiffe durchführen.
Swarm attacks are a tactic in which waves of small vessels attack a slower capital ship such as an aircraft carrier, attacking it with torpedoes, or missile fire, or even ramming it in suicide kamikaze-style attacks.
The Islamic Revolution Guards Corps’ (IRGC) attack craft design is a reverse-engineered version of a British Bladerunner 51, designed and built by Ice Marine. The fourth variant is the so-called Zolfaqhar class, which can reach 100km/h and is capable of launching missiles and torpedoes.
The story of Iran’s FAC began in 2005, when the four-person crew of the 15-metre-long Bradstone Challenger smashed the world record for circumnavigating the British Isles, completing the journey in 27 hours and 10 minutes and reaching speeds of 72 knots (133km/h). Four years later the Bradstone Challenger was put up for sale.
Despite efforts by Washington and London to block the sale of the Bradstone Challenger to Iran, the Bladerunner craft turned up in Bandar Abbas, naval port of the IRCG, in 2010.
Questions over Iran’s ability to copy the Bladerunner’s twin 1,000 horsepower (746kW) Caterpillar C18 inboard engines were answered in early 2018 when Iran’s deputy defence minister, Brigadier General Qassem Taqizadeh, announced a propulsion system capable of 1,800hp.
The Iranians also imported Russian Shkval torpedoes and created indigenous clones -- these supercavitating torpedoes can travel at around 200 knots (370km/h).
The Zolfaghar fast attack craft also has twin tubes for Nasr-1 anti-ship missiles, as well as forward and rear mounted DShK (pronounced “Dash-a-ka”) 12.7mm heavy machine guns.