Graphic toont het verlies van de Exclusieve Economische Zone van Oekraíne en de gas- en olievelden.Ukraine’s lost Exclusive Economic Zone and gas and oil fields.


Hoe Rusland gas van de Krim annexeerde

March 18, 2019 - Op 18 maart 2014 tekende de Russische president Vladimir Poetin een wet die de Krim bij Rusland inlijfde. Hij verbaasde daarmee de internationale gemeenschap en maakte een eind aan de onafhankelijkheid van de Krimrepubliek, die door Sovjetleider Nikita Chroetsjov in 195 aan Oekraíne was overgedragen.

When Russia seized Crimea, it acquired not just the Crimean landmass but also a massive tract of Ukraine’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) -- an area with rights to underwater resources potentially worth trillions of dollars. The move extended Russia’s maritime boundaries, quietly giving Russia dominion over vast oil and gas reserves.

Russia did so under an international accord that gives nations sovereignty over areas up to 200 nautical miles (370km) from their shorelines, totally upending Ukraine’s hopes for energy independence.

Pre-annexation, Ukraine’s state-owned Chornomornaftogaz owned 17 hydrocarbon fields, including 11 natural gas fields, four gas condensate fields, and two oil fields, along with 13 offshore platforms in the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov.

The Kremlin quickly appropriated Chornomornaftogaz, the Skifska and Foroska gas fields and Prykerchenske oil field -- all within Russia’s newly claimed EEZ. Shell and Exxon did exploration work at the Skifska offshore gas field in Crimea, but both pulled out in 2014, shortly before Crimea’s annexation. The two companies had estimated that Skifska holds reserves of 200 to 250 billion cubic metres of natural and condensates.

PUBLISHED: 12/03/2019; STORY: Graphic News; PICTURES: Associated Press
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