La producción afgana de opio se desploma después de la prohibición de los talibanes
November 6, 2023 - La producción de amapola de opio ha descendido 95% desde que los talibanes prohibieron su cultivo en abril de 2022, diezmando laagricultura rural y empeorando la crisis humanitaria de Afganistán.
The UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) said opium cultivation fell throughout the country to just 10,800 hectares in 2023 from 233,000 hectares the previous year, slashing supply by 95% to 333 tonnes.
The huge contraction in supply from Afghanistan – estimated to supply around 80% of the world's illegal opium – could eventually lead to a drop in opium use internationally, but it also risked escalating the global use of alternatives such as fentanyl or synthetic opioids, the UNODC said
This was putting pressure on farmers in the war-torn country, where most people depend on agriculture and the value of poppy exports had at times outstripped the value of all formal exported goods, UNODC said.
Farmer's incomes have fallen by 92% this year, from an estimated $1.36 billion to $110 million.