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 Ruta de granos por Rumania infographic
El gráfico muestra la nueva conexión ferroviaria entre Ucrania y el puerto de Constanza en Rumania.


Ruta de granos del Mar Negro por Rumania

By Duncan Mil

July 24, 2023 - El puerto de Constanza de Rumania – principal ruta alterna de Ucraniapara embarcar su grano desde que Rusia se retiró de la iniciativa delMar Negro – puede manejar 25 millones de toneladas anualmente.

Even before President Vladimir Putin killed off the UN-brokered Black Sea Initiative on July 17, Constanta had handled roughly a third of Ukraine’s grain exports since the start of the war.

The port of Constanta is the largest in the Black Sea and also the deepest, providing depths of up to 18.5 metres. In addition, Constanta can ship 65 million tonnes of crops and TEU (twenty-foot equivalent unit) containers a year, double the volume of Odesa.

While the Black Sea corridor accounted for about half of Ukraine’s volumes -- 16.3 million tonnes -- over the past six months, Constanta handled an additional 7.5 million tonnes of Ukrainian grain.

The new 19.3km-long train line between Ukraine’s Rakhiv, Berlebash and the Romanian border will enable freight trains to transport crops to Constanta.

Each 30-wagon train can carry 2,100 tonnes of Ukrainian grain.

“Speed is everything,” says Viorel Panait, the port operator Comvex manager and the Constanta Port Business Association president.

Since the start of the war, Comvex has invested 4 million euros ($4.4 million), says Panait, mainly in new conveyors. Convex is also upgrading its grain storage capacity by 25% to 250,000 tonnes.

PUBLISHED: 24/07/2023; STORY: Graphic News; PICTURES: Oleksandr Kamyshin, Euromaidan Press