Atrapados en "focos de hambre”
November 2, 2022 - El número de personas que enfrentan inseguridad alimentaria aguda se ha disparado de 135 millones en 2019 a 345 millones. Más de 150 millones de personas enfrentan inseguridad alimentaria tan solo en 17 focos de hambre en África y Asia.
Extreme weather and conflict are driving acute hunger through the Sahel, Central African Republic, South Sudan and eastwards to the Horn of Africa, Syria, Yemen, and Afghanistan.
In countries like Nigeria, South Sudan and Yemen, the World Food Programme (WFP) is cutting individual rations to reach more people. “This is tantamount to taking from the hungry to feed the starving,” says the WFP.
The impacts of droughts, heatwaves and floods are one of the leading causes of hunger, destroying crops and agricultural land, decimating livelihoods and wreaking havoc in vulnerable communities, the WFP states.
Russia’s suspension of an UN-brokered grain deal exacerbates the threat of surging food prices. The impact could be particularly severe in the Horn of Africa, where civil war, climatic extremes and the economic disruptions of the Covid-19 pandemic have worsened already acute food shortages. In Ethiopia, a two-year civil war has left an estimated 4.3 million people facing acute malnutrition, while in war-torn Yemen, this rises to 7.1 million.
“Targeted humanitarian action is urgently needed to save lives and livelihoods in the hunger hotspots. Moreover, in six of these hotspots -- Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen -- humanitarian actions are critical to preventing starvation and death,” the Food and Agriculture Organization says in the hunger hotspots report, co-authored by the WFP.