Europa renovará su pacto verde
July 14, 2021 - El Régimen de Comercio de Derechos de Emisión (ETS) de la UE es un esfuerzo para reducir los gases de efecto invernadero poniendo un precio a cada tonelada de carbono emitida por cerca de 12.000 empresas y operadores de aviones de la UE.
The European Commission is to roll out the world’s most ambitious climate change legislation to cut pollution by at least 55% from 1990 levels by 2030.
According to “Fit for 55” proposals, the EU plans to eliminate greenhouse gas emissions by mid-century.
For example, road transport emissions must be cut by 60% to 90% by 2030, with hefty penalties for carmakers who fail to meet targets. All cars must be zero-emission by 2035, and airlines will eventually have to pay for every tonne of carbon dioxide they emit.
There will be more alternative refuelling points for hydrogen trucks, and the number of electric charging points will rise to one million by 2025 and three million by 2030.
All aircraft departing EU airports are to use sustainable aviation fuels (SAFs), from a 2% SAF requirement in 2025, moving to 5% in 2030, 20% in 2035, 32% in 2040, and 63% by 2050.
Fit for 55 plans to boost the use and production of sustainable alternative maritime fuels. Maritime accounts for 11% of EU transport emissions, around 3-4% of total EU CO2 emissions.
The EU’s 27 nations have cut emissions by 24% between 1990 and 2019, primarily driven by limits on pollution imposed by the ETS.