Los peores accidentes causados por explosiones de nitrato de amonio
August 6, 2020 - Cuando los libaneses expresan su enojo contra el gobierno por lo que consideran negligencia que llevó a la explosión que devastó grandes áreas de Beirut, los expertos se preguntan por qué el material explosivo estuvo almacenado durante tanto tiempo y tan cerca del centro de la ciudad poblada por más de 2 millones de personas.
This is not the first time that ammonium nitrate, which is reasonably cheap to manufacture, has been implicated in deadly industrial explosions.
In 1921 an explosion of 4,500 tonnes of ammonium sulphate and nitrate fertiliser at a plant in Oppau, Germany, killed 565 people.
The deadliest industrial accident in U.S. history occurred in 1947 at Texas city, when at least 581 people were killed when more than 2,000 tonnes of the chemical detonated on-board a ship which had docked in the port.
More recently, an explosion involving ammonium nitrate and other chemicals killed 173 people in the port of Tianjin northern China in 2015.
It has also been used in several terrorist acts, including the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995. In that instance, Timothy McVeigh used two tonnes of ammonium nitrate to create a bomb which destroyed a federal building and killed 168 people.