El gráfico muestra casos globales de sarampión en los primeros tres meses de 2019, y los diez países con mayor ingreso en que los niños no han sido vacunados con la primera dosis de la vacuna contra el sarampión.


Millones de niños en todo el mundo no reciben vacuna contra el sarampión

April 25, 2019 - Cerca de 169 millones de niños no recibieron la primera dosis de la
vacuna contra el sarampión entre 2010 y 2017, según la UNICEF, cuando aumentan globalmente los casos de la enfermedad altamente contagiosa

As a result of greater vulnerability to the disease, more than 110,000 measles cases were reported worldwide during the first three months of 2019, representing a near 300 per cent jump from the same period last year, according to World Health Organisation (WHO) data.

In 2017, some 110,000 people, most of them children, died from measles – a 22 percent increase from the year before, UNICEF said.

The children's organisation explained that although two doses of the measles vaccine are “essential” to protect children from the disease, a lack of access, poor health systems, complacency, and in some cases a fear of vaccines, led to a drop in global coverage for the first dose to only 85 percent in 2017 – a level that has remained similar for the past decade. Global coverage for the second dose is even lower, at 67 percent.

The WHO recommends a threshold of 95 percent immunisation coverage to achieve so-called “herd immunity” – or vaccinating a significant enough portion of the population to provide protection for those who have yet to develop immunity.

Among high-income countries, the United States – currently fighting its biggest measles outbreak in almost 20 years – topped UNICEF’s list of places with the most children missing the first vaccine dose between 2010 and 2017, at more than 2.5 million.

PUBLISHED: 25/04/2019; STORY: Graphic News; PICTURES: Getty Images
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