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FIN DE AÑO

Últimos Adioses 2018

By Ben Mullins

December 31, 2018 - El gráfico interactivo muestra una selección de personajes que fallecieron en 2018.

Legendary jazz trumpeter Hugh Masekela, known as “the father of South African jazz”, and a leading figure in the struggle to end apartheid, died on January 23, aged 78.

His distinctive Afro-Jazz sound gained a global audience while hits such as Soweto Blues, released in 1977, became synonymous with the anti-apartheid movement
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Ingvar Kamprad, founder of the Swedish furniture retailer Ikea, died at age 91 on January 27. Ikea pioneered the concept of inexpensive flat-pack furniture and radically changed ideas of interior design for the home.

Kamprad founded Ikea at the age of 17 in 1943 and built the company into a multinational giant with 389 stores worldwide
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Billy Graham Jr., American evangelist who became one of the most influential preachers of the 20th century, died at age 99 on February 21.

Graham was the first to use the medium of TV to convey the Christian message to worshippers, and is estimated to have preached to hundreds of millions of people around the globe over his 60-year career
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Roger Bannister, the first person to run a mile in under four minutes, died on March 3, aged 88. He later became a leading neurologist.

His place in history was assured when he broke through the tape in 3 minutes 59.4 seconds at Iffley Road sports ground in Oxford on May 6, 1954. His record was bested by his Australian rival John Landy just 46 days later, but Bannister then beat Landy to win gold at the 1954 Commonwealth Games
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Stephen Hawking, world renowned British physicist and cosmologist, died aged 76 on March 14. The author of A Brief History of Time, he was the first to set out a theory of cosmology as a union of relativity and quantum mechanics. He also discovered that black holes leak energy and fade to nothing, a phenomenon later known as Hawking radiation.

Diagnosed at 22 with a rare form of motor neurone disease that gradually paralysed him, he was able to communicate using a single cheek muscle attached to a voice synthesiser
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Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, one of the more controversial figures of South Africa’s anti-apartheid struggle, died aged 81 on April 2.

The ex-wife of former president Nelson Mandela was seen by her supporters as the “mother of the nation”, admired for her steely leadership, firebrand rhetoric and courageous activism against a brutal racist regime, but she was also repeatedly accused of being linked to violence and corruption
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Barbara Bush, former U.S. first lady, died at age 92 on April 17. She was the matriarch of a political dynasty that included two presidents, her husband George H.W. Bush and son George W. Bush, and former Florida governor Jeb Bush.

She was a long-time campaigner for social justice, who spoke out against racial segregation and threw her weight behind the drive to eradicate illiteracy in the United States
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Maria Bueno, Brazilian tennis star, died from cancer at age 78 on June 8.

The world’s top ranked female player in the late 1950s and early 60s, she won seven Grand Slam singles titles (three at Wimbledon and four at the U.S. Open) plus 11 in women’s doubles, and one in mixed doubles, making her South America’s most successful female tennis player
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Former Indian prime minister Atal Behari Vajpayee died aged 93 on August 16. He was one of the founding members of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and served as prime minister three times between 1996 and 2004.

He was instrumental in making India a global nuclear power but also strove to improve relations with neighbouring Pakistan
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Aretha Franklin, the “Queen of Soul” known for hits like Respect and Natural Woman, died from cancer on August 16, aged 76.

Regarded as one of the greatest singers of all time, she racked up 20 Top 10 albums, a dozen million-selling singles and 18 Grammy awards over her 50-year career, and sang at the inauguration ceremonies of Presidents Bill Clinton and Barack Obama
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Former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan died at age 80 on August 18. Annan, from Ghana, served two terms as UN chief from 1997 to 2006, and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001 for his humanitarian work.

He described his greatest achievement as the Millennium Development Goals which set global targets on issues such as poverty and child mortality
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John McCain, the Vietnam war hero turned U.S. senator and presidential candidate, died from brain cancer on August 25 at age 81. McCain spent more than five years as a prisoner of war, suffering torture that left him with lasting disabilities.

In politics he took a conservative line but was willing to cross Republican party lines on a range of issues, and was strongly critical of President Donald Trump
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Burt Reynolds, movie heartthrob of the 1970s, died on September 5 at age 82.

Famed for his moustache, easy charm and wisecracking delivery, Reynolds shot to fame in the film Deliverance, and became a Hollywood megastar with his roles in Smokey and the Bandit, The Cannonball Run and Boogie Nights
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French singer and songwriter Charles Aznavour died at age 94 on October 1 after a career lasting more than 80 years. He was best known for his 1974 hit She, and sold more than 180 million records and featured in over 60 films.

Aznavour, often called France’s Frank Sinatra, was born in Paris in 1924 to Armenian parents who fled the genocide to begin a new life in France
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Saudi Arabian journalist Jamal Khashoggi was murdered inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, on October 2, after entering to get documents to marry his Turkish fiancee. He was 59.

Khashoggi was a prominent critic of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and is believed to have been killed by a team of 15 people sent from Riyadh. The crown prince has denied involvement in his death
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Spanish opera singer Montserrat Caballé died aged 85, on October 6. She made her name in Donizetti’s Lucrezia Borgia at Carnegie Hall in New York in 1965 and was reknowned for her interpretations of Verdi and the bel canto repertoire.

She reached a wider audience when Barcelona, her duet with Freddie Mercury, became an official anthem of the 1992 Olympics
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Paul Allen, co-founder of Microsoft, died aged 65 on October 15 from complications of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Alongside school friend Bill Gates, he founded the technology giant in 1975.

He left the company in 1983, going on to become a successful venture capitalist. He is estimated to have donated more than $2bn to philanthropic causes
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Stan Lee, the creative mastermind behind the Marvel comic books, died on November 12 aged 95. He gave life to iconic characters such as Spider-Man, the X-Men, Iron Man, The Incredible Hulk, Thor, Black Panther and The Fantastic Four.

Marvel became the world’s most popular publisher of comic books, and inspired a long series of Hollywood blockbusters based on the characters
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Bernardo Bertolucci, Italian director of Last Tango in Paris and The Last Emperor, died in Rome on November 26, at age 77.

Known for his bold visual style, he won two Oscars for directing and co-writing The Last Emperor, but was most famous for the controversy stoked by the explicit sexual content in Last Tango in Paris. His final feature, Me and You, was premiered at the Cannes Film Festival in 2012
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Former U.S. President George H.W. Bush died on November 30 at the age of 94, seven months after the death of his wife Barbara.

Bush served as the 41st U.S. president from 1989-93, where his term was defined by seismic foreign policy events including the end of the Cold War, and the first Iraq war against Saddam Hussein. He was less successful in domestic affairs and lost the 1992 election to Bill Clinton amid a weakening economy

PUBLISHED: 18/12/2018; STORY: Graphic News
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