Flotas de autobuses eléctricos de Europa
April 25, 2018 - Se pronostica que la cifra total de autobuses eléctricos en servicio aumentará más del triple, de 386.000 en 2017 a unos 1,2 millones en 2025, cerca de 47 por ciento de la flota global de autobuses urbanos, según un informe de Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF).
E-buses remain more expensive upfront than those fuelled by diesel, but BNEF found that battery-powered buses can already offer a lower total cost of ownership when fuel and maintenance expenses are factored in.
A typical e-bus with a 250kWh battery charging once per day at the depot and operating around 166km/per day has a total cost of ownership of €0.81/km ($0.99/km) -- lower than diesel at €.0.86/km ($1.05/km).
According to BNEF calculations, every 1,000 battery-powered buses on the road will displace about 500 barrels of diesel fuel each day. This year, the volume of fuel e-buses take off the market may rise 37 percent to 279,000 barrels a day, about as much oil as Greece consumes.
China is leading the way on electrifying its fleet, adding 7,600 zero-emissions people-movers to its cities’ roads every month.
Austria, Germany, Lithuania, the Netherlands and Britain have collectively added almost 1,250 electric or plug-in hybrid buses to their fleets.
In a bid to improve air quality in Britain’s capital, London Mayor Sadiq Khan recently launched Europe’s largest fleet of all electric buses -- a £19 million- (€21.7m, $26.5m) fleet of 51 Enviro 200 electric vehicles built by China’s BYD (Build Your Dreams) and Scotland-based Alexander Dennis Limited.
BYD has now supplied over 10,000 fully electric buses worldwide. The most extensive European order before London is one of 35 coaches delivered to Amsterdam’s Schipol airport.