Brazil’s indigenous population nearly doubles in a decade
August 8, 2023 - Brazil’s most recent census shows that 1.69 million people identify as Indigenous, almost twice as many as previously acknowledged.
According to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), the number of people identifying as Indigenous has increased by nearly 90% in just 12 years, from 896,917 to 1.69 million.
The 89% increase is due to greater willingness of people to recognise their roots and better survey methods, including access to previously unreachable villages.
Half of Brazil's Indigenous communities live in the Amazon region, some 867,900, with the highest urban concentration in the city of Manaus, the capital of Amazonas state.