Graphic shows areas of control and regional powers involved in Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
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CONFLICT

Foreign powers involved in Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict

November 4, 2020 - Regional powers are considering ways to halt the conflict over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh, where fighting between Azerbaijan and ethnic Armenian forces is thought to have killed thousands of people, including many civilians.

Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Rudenko said on November 4 that Moscow was weighing an Iranian proposal for ending the conflict that was shared by Tehran last week.

Nagorno-Karabakh lies within Azerbaijan but has been under the control of ethnic Armenian forces backed by Armenia since a war there ended in 1994. The latest fighting that began on September 27 is the largest escalation of hostilities between the South Caucasus neighbours in more than a quarter-century.

Azerbaijan has relied on strong support from its ally Turkey, which has trained Azerbaijan’s military and provided it with armed drones and long-range rocket systems. Armenian officials accuse Turkey of being directly involved in the conflict and sending mercenaries from Syria to fight on Azerbaijan’s side.

Turkey has denied deploying combatants to the region, but a Syrian war monitor and Syria-based opposition activists have confirmed that Ankara has sent hundreds of Syrian opposition fighters to fight in the conflict zone.

The heavy fighting involving heavy artillery, rockets and drones has raged despite repeated international attempts to end hostilities. A U.S.-brokered truce frayed immediately after it took effect last week, just like two previous cease-fires negotiated by Russia, and the latest pledge by Armenia and Azerbaijan not to target residential areas was broken hours after it was made Friday. The warring sides have repeatedly blamed each other for violations.

Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev has insisted that Azerbaijan has the right to reclaim its territory by force after three decades of fruitless international mediation. He said that Armenia must pledge to withdraw from Nagorno-Karabakh as a condition for a lasting truce.

PUBLISHED: 04/11/2020; STORY: Graphic News
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