Publish button
Login to download. Need an ID and password? Register now!
SCOTLAND: How the "Union Jack" evolved infographic

how the "Union Jack" evolved

Graphic News

September 18, 2014 -- The Union Jack is a composite of the flags of England and Scotland, plus Ireland’s cross of St Patrick, adopted prior to Irish Home Rule.

In 1603, King James VI of Scotland inherited the crown of England and became King James I of England. At this point, although both kingdoms had the same king, they remained separate sovereign states with their own parliaments, judiciary, and laws.

In 1606, the King ordered a Union Flag to combine the Scottish Cross of St Andrew with England's Cross of St George. According to the Flag Institute, over the following years the Union Flag became known colloquially as the Jack or the King's Jack, the term jack being a diminutive derived from the term for a small flag flown from the bow of a vessel to indicate its nationality. By 1674, the flag was officially recognised by the term Union Jack.

In 1707, the parliaments were united to form the Parliament of Great Britain, based at the Palace of Westminster in London. In 1801, the Kingdom of Great Britain united with the neighbouring Kingdom of Ireland.

(The Cross of St Andrew is also known as the Saltire - the term saltire being a heraldic symbol in the form of a diagonal cross.) (Story: Fiona Roberts)

Welcome to Graphic News

Please get in the habit of logging in when you arrive as some pages may soon be restricted. If you are new to Graphic News there is a Website Guide to help you find your way around.

November 24, 2017 — Ai2HTML screen graphics - The script has been updated to allow multiple screen graphics to be published on the same web page. Click here for instructions

November 24, 2017 — Training - mobile graphics- The GN AI2HTML method is very fast and easy. It allows designers with conventional design skills to produce responsive “mobile” friendly graphics to meet news deadlines. Contact helpdesk @ if you would like to join our next training course.

If you need help or have questions at any time, please contact us