Publish button
Download
Login to download. Need an ID and password? Register now!
SCOTLAND: How the "Union Jack" evolved infographic

how the "Union Jack" evolved

09/17/2014
Graphic News

September 18, 2014 -- The Union Jack is a composite of the flags of England and Scotland, plus Ireland’s cross of St Patrick, adopted prior to Irish Home Rule.

In 1603, King James VI of Scotland inherited the crown of England and became King James I of England. At this point, although both kingdoms had the same king, they remained separate sovereign states with their own parliaments, judiciary, and laws.

In 1606, the King ordered a Union Flag to combine the Scottish Cross of St Andrew with England's Cross of St George. According to the Flag Institute, over the following years the Union Flag became known colloquially as the Jack or the King's Jack, the term jack being a diminutive derived from the term for a small flag flown from the bow of a vessel to indicate its nationality. By 1674, the flag was officially recognised by the term Union Jack.

In 1707, the parliaments were united to form the Parliament of Great Britain, based at the Palace of Westminster in London. In 1801, the Kingdom of Great Britain united with the neighbouring Kingdom of Ireland.

(The Cross of St Andrew is also known as the Saltire - the term saltire being a heraldic symbol in the form of a diagonal cross.) (Story: Fiona Roberts)


21 days to go until NEW GRAPHIC NEWS - a new website for a new era.

28 years ago — April 2, 1991 — the original Graphic News launched using a precursor to today’s websites that used email technology. These enabled infographics to be delivered electronically around the world over telephone lines. What was possible was very limited - It took 10 minutes for a 100K file to download.

Since then delivery speeds and website technology have moved on. The new website will offer the best online experience possible now, adding many new features (and offering new opportunities for the future), but still enabling existing users to select and download infographics and enjoy the distinct brand of visual journalism that is Graphic News.


Over the coming days I will give further information. Please contact me if you have any questions. Fiona Roberts, froberts @ graphicnews.com



Cookies