• For full details of graphics available/in preparation, see Menu -> Planners
Interactive graphic shows how the map of the Middle East was redrawn.
GN31993EN

WWI CENTENARY

New borders of Middle East

By Ben Mullins

July 28, 2014 - Constructed from the ruins of the Ottoman Empire after the First World War, today’s map of the Middle East resulted from the Great Game -- the 19th century strategic rivalry between the British and Russian Empires in Central Asia.

After Ottoman Turkey chose to side with Germany in 1914, Britain and France struck a secret deal to share Ottoman wealth, industrial resources and territories when Turkey was defeated.

The Balfour Declaration of 1917, which led to the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine, led to the first Arab-Israeli War in 1948. This was followed by Arab-Israeli conflicts in 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982.

More than 60 other conflicts in the Middle East have occurred since 1948, claiming more than 1.75 million lives, culminating in the current civil wars in Syria and Iraq.

Sources
PUBLISHED: 8/8/2018; STORY: Graphic News
Advertisement