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 50 Jahre Jom Kippur Krieg infographic
Graphic mit Zeitleiste des Krieges.
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POLITIK

50 Jahre Jom Kippur Krieg

By Phil Bainbridge

October 6, 2023 - October 25, 2023 - Angriff von Ägypten und Syrien am Feiertag Jom Kippur in 1973 brachte die Welt an den Rand eines Atomkriegs, löste eine ernste Ölkrise aus und ebnete den Weg für arabisch-isrelische Friedensgespräche.

President Anwar Sadat of Egypt blamed Egypt’s dire social and political problems on the defeat to Israel in the 1967 Six-Day War and is believed to have sought a limited war to jumpstart the peace process and return the Sinai to Egyptian control. Syria’s President Hafez al-Assad, had rebuilt the military with Soviet support and wished more than anything to avenge the humiliation of the 1967 loss.

That they were both initially successful, inflicting heavy territorial and personnel losses on Israel lay in no small part on Israeli intelligence underestimating the danger posed by its enemies

Fearing that military supplies wouldn’t last a prolonged war, Israel turned to the United States, who for their own part were keen not to allow the Soviet Union to obtain the upper hand in the Middle East. The U.S. duly obliged, airlifting arms and equipment and allowing Israel to turn the tide.

The Arab-dominated OPEC announced an oil embargo unless Israel returned to pre-1967 boundaries, triggering a global economic crisisthat lasted for much of the 1970s.

As Israeli forces advanced towards Cairo and Damascus, the Soviet Union threatened to send troops to defend their allies, but with the U.S. putting its nuclear forces on high alert, backed down.

Sources
PUBLISHED: 05/10/2023; STORY: Graphic News; PICTURES: Getty Images, Newscom
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