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Grafik zeigt Leben und Zeit von Henry Kissinger.
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POLITIK

Leben und Zeit von Henry Kissinger

By Duncan Mil

May 15, 2023 - Am 27. Mai konnte Henry Kissinger seinen 100. Geburtstag feiern. Als Nationaler Sicherheitsberater und Außenminister hat Henry Kissinger maßgeblich die US Außenpolitik von 1969 bis 1976 unter den Präsidenten Richard Nixon und Gerald Ford beeinflusst.

In 1969, for the first time, the United States and the USSR agreed to significantly slow the nuclear arms race with the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT).

The Vietnam War had settled into a deadly stalemate, dividing America. Kissinger led the peace talks, which allowed the U.S. military to make a secure and dignified withdrawal in 1973 after eight years of conflict.

The Nixon administration made a diplomatic rapprochement with mainland China to strengthen America’s position in Asia. The Communists had won control in 1949, estranging the U.S. After Kissinger’s secret negotiations with Premier Zhou Enlai, Nixon took a spectacular trip to China in February 1972 to seal the new relationship.

In October 1973, Israeli officials telephoned Kissinger to say that they were fighting off an invasion. Egyptian forces attacked the Sinai while the Syrian army was in Israel’s north. The so-called fourth Arab-Israeli War had begun. Nixon dispatched Kissinger to negotiate with Israel, Egypt, and Syria -- Kissinger’s famous “shuttle diplomacy.”

Kissinger’s successes make him a diplomat of historical stature, leaving his mark on the twentieth century.

Sources
PUBLISHED: 30/11/2023; STORY: Graphic News; PICTURES: Getty Images
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