Rückblick auf Marsmissionen
July 30, 2020 -
Die Menschheit hat seit 1960 bereits Dutzende Sonden zum Mars geschickt um den Roten Planeten zu erforschen, es waren vor allem zahlreiche Robotermissionen aus den Vereinigten Staaten, Europa und die VAE folgen noch in diesem Jahr.
Countries have tried about 50 times to reach the fourth planet from the sun, and more than half of those missions failed.
On 2 December 1971, the USSR's Mars-3 lander became the first spacecraft to land softly on Mars. The Soviet probe transmitted for about two minutes from the Martian surface before its systems went dead. The nasty dust storm raging at the time might have been the culprit.
Only NASA has successfully landed and operated probes and rovers since then, starting with Viking 1 in 1976.
All Nasa spacecraft launched to Mars since 1999 - from the Spirit, Opportunity and Curiosity rovers, to orbiting craft such as Mars Odyssey and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter - have not only succeeded but have operated long past their prime missions.
In its latest mission NASA has sent the next-generation of Mars rover – Perseverance – to search for traces of potential past life on Earth’s planetary neighbour.