Antarktischer Gletscher schmilzt rasch
January 29, 2020 -
Es gibt umfangreiche Forschungen zu besserem Verständnis warum der riesige Thwaites Gletscher so rasch schmilzt. Sollte er zerbrechen, könnte es zu dramatischem Anstieg des Meeresniveaus führen und Küstenstädte in aller Welt in Gefahr bringen.
Thwaites glacier, covering 192,000 square kilometres – an area the size of Great Britain – is particularly susceptible to climate and ocean changes. Over the past 30 years, the amount of ice flowing out of the region has nearly doubled.
A collapse of the glacier would increase sea levels by
around 65cm and could trigger a wider collapse of
West Antarctic Ice Sheet, raising seas by calamitous 3.3m.
As part of a five-year, $50m international effort underway to understand why glacier is changing so rapidly, a team of scientists have drilled through the Thwaites glacier in Antarctica.
The 600-metre deep borehole has allowed researchers to lower down a torpedo-shaped robotic submarine to explore the underside of the ice shelf.
Icefin, carries high definition cameras, sonar, and instruments for monitoring water flow, salinity, oxygen and temperature.
As climate change raises global sea levels, parts of the West Antarctica Ice Sheet, are particularly vulnerable to collapse. At the end of the last ice age, parts of West Antarctica thinned by an average of 0.5 - 1 metres per year. Today with GPS, satellite and airborne measurements, scientists are seeing parts of West Antarctica thin by 1 to 6 metres per year.
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