Die Sorgen der indischen Wähler
March 28, 2019 -
Während die Wahllokale für nicht weniger als 900 Millionen Menschen in der weltgrößten Demokratie geöffnet sind, sind die meisten indischen Erwachsenen über den Fortschritt bei Problemen wie Arbeitslosigkeit, Inflation und Terrorismus nicht glücklich, so das Ergebnis einer Umfrage des Pew Research Centers.
Even before the Pulwama attack in Indian-administered Kashmir, majorities of Indians voiced concern about terrorism and the threat posed to their country by Pakistan.
Despite the Indian economy growing on average by 7.3% per year since 2014, lack of employment opportunities is seen by the public as India’s biggest challenge, with 76% of adults saying it is a huge problem -- little changed over the past year. In 2018, 18.6 million Indians were jobless and another 393.7 million work in poor-quality jobs vulnerable to displacement, according to estimates by the International Labour Office.
As the Lok Sabha election nears, there is a decidedly partisan take on the direction of the country and the challenges facing India. Members of Rahul Gandhi￼’s opposition Indian National Congress party (Congress) are 21 percentage points more likely than backers of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) to say that job opportunities have worsened and 17 points more likely to say the same about air pollution.
Congress backers are more likely than BJP supporters to believe the gap between the rich and poor has worsened (by 17 points), that corruption has worsened (12 points) and that terrorism and communal violence has become more of a problem.
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