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23 Apr
-303
According to legend, Saint George, a Roman soldier of Syrian origin immortalised in the myth of Saint George and the Dragon, died by order of the Roman emperor Diocletian for…According to legend, Saint George, a Roman soldier of Syrian origin immortalised in the myth of Saint George and the Dragon, died by order of the Roman emperor Diocletian for failing to recant his Christian faith
2321 years ago
23 Apr
1014
High King of Ireland Brian Boru was killed at the Battle of Clontarf, one of the last major battles involving VikingsHigh King of Ireland Brian Boru was killed at the Battle of Clontarf, one of the last major battles involving Vikings
1004 years ago
23 Apr
1016
Ethelred II, known as Ethelred the Unready, who was King of England from 978-1013 and 1014-16, died in LondonEthelred II, known as Ethelred the Unready, who was King of England from 978-1013 and 1014-16, died in London
1002 years ago
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23 Apr
1348
King Edward III of England established the Order of the Garter, the highest order of chivalry, or knighthood. Legend has it that the order was inspired when the Countess of…King Edward III of England established the Order of the Garter, the highest order of chivalry, or knighthood. Legend has it that the order was inspired when the Countess of Salisbury lost her garter while dancing with the king, who then picked it up
670 years ago
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23 Apr
1516
The Reinheitsgebot, a regulation specifying that beer should be brewed with only three ingredients, water, malt and hops, to guarantee its purity, was signed in Ingolstadt by the…The Reinheitsgebot, a regulation specifying that beer should be brewed with only three ingredients, water, malt and hops, to guarantee its purity, was signed in Ingolstadt by the Duke of Bavaria
502 years ago
23 Apr
1564
The birth of William Shakespeare, England’s greatest playwright, is traditionally celebrated on this day. He died on this day in 1616The birth of William Shakespeare, England’s greatest playwright, is traditionally celebrated on this day. He died on this day in 1616
454 years ago
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23 Apr
1616
William Shakespeare, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world’s pre-eminent dramatist, died. His works include around 37 plays, 154 sonnets,…William Shakespeare, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world’s pre-eminent dramatist, died. His works include around 37 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, although the authorship of some pieces is disputed
402 years ago
23 Apr
1625
Frederick Henry became Stadtholder, or ruler, of the Netherlands after the death of Maurice of NassauFrederick Henry became Stadtholder, or ruler, of the Netherlands after the death of Maurice of Nassau
393 years ago
23 Apr
1633
The League of Heilbronn was established which united South German Protestants with Sweden and France against the Catholic League and the ImperialistsThe League of Heilbronn was established which united South German Protestants with Sweden and France against the Catholic League and the Imperialists
385 years ago
23 Apr
1661
Charles II was crowned King of EnglandCharles II was crowned King of England
357 years ago
23 Apr
1775
English landscape painter Joseph Mallord William Turner, whose work inspired the impressionists, was bornEnglish landscape painter Joseph Mallord William Turner, whose work inspired the impressionists, was born
243 years ago
23 Apr
1789
U.S. President-elect George Washington and his wife, Martha, moved into the first executive mansion, the Franklin House in New York CityU.S. President-elect George Washington and his wife, Martha, moved into the first executive mansion, the Franklin House in New York City
229 years ago
23 Apr
1791
French aristocrat the Marquis de Sade published a controversial novel which claimed pain could bring sexual pleasure; the term sadism derives from his nameFrench aristocrat the Marquis de Sade published a controversial novel which claimed pain could bring sexual pleasure; the term sadism derives from his name
227 years ago
23 Apr
1795
Warren Hastings was acquitted of high treason and all crimes allegedly commited during his term as governor-general in BengalWarren Hastings was acquitted of high treason and all crimes allegedly commited during his term as governor-general in Bengal
223 years ago
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23 Apr
1850
British Romantic poet William Wordsworth died aged 80. England’s Lake District supplied the inspiration for much of his work, while his poetic genius explored the lives of…British Romantic poet William Wordsworth died aged 80. England’s Lake District supplied the inspiration for much of his work, while his poetic genius explored the lives of ordinary people
168 years ago
23 Apr
1858
Max Planck, German theoretical physicist, was born. He developed the Quantum Theory, for which he won the Nobel Prize in 1918Max Planck, German theoretical physicist, was born. He developed the Quantum Theory, for which he won the Nobel Prize in 1918
160 years ago
23 Apr
1879
The Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opened in Stratford-upon-Avon, appropriately enough on the bard’s birthdayThe Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opened in Stratford-upon-Avon, appropriately enough on the bard’s birthday
139 years ago
23 Apr
1896
The “Vitascope” system for projecting movies on to a screen was demonstrated in New YorkThe “Vitascope” system for projecting movies on to a screen was demonstrated in New York
122 years ago
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23 Apr
1897
Lester Pearson, Canadian politician and statesman, born. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for his attempts to solve the Suez Crisis and was prime minister of Canada from…Lester Pearson, Canadian politician and statesman, born. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for his attempts to solve the Suez Crisis and was prime minister of Canada from 1963-1968
121 years ago
23 Apr
1915
British First World War poet Rupert Brooke, known for his idealistic war sonnets such as The Soldier, died from blood poisoning off Skyros, Greece. He was buried in an olive groveBritish First World War poet Rupert Brooke, known for his idealistic war sonnets such as The Soldier, died from blood poisoning off Skyros, Greece. He was buried in an olive grove
103 years ago
23 Apr
1918
The British Navy under Admiral Keyes raided the German submarine base at ZeebruggeThe British Navy under Admiral Keyes raided the German submarine base at Zeebrugge
100 years ago
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23 Apr
1924
Italian stage actress Eleanor Duse died while on tour in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. One of the most internationally acclaimed performers of her day, Duse’s naturalistic and…Italian stage actress Eleanor Duse died while on tour in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. One of the most internationally acclaimed performers of her day, Duse’s naturalistic and individual style offered a marked contrast to the more highly emotional interpretations of her great rival, Sarah Bernhardt
94 years ago
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23 Apr
1928
Shirley Temple, child starlet of Hollywood films, born. Best known for her films 'Wee Willie Winkie' and 'Heidi', she later became U.S. ambassador to Ghana and Czechoslovakia. She…Shirley Temple, child starlet of Hollywood films, born. Best known for her films 'Wee Willie Winkie' and 'Heidi', she later became U.S. ambassador to Ghana and Czechoslovakia. She died at the age of 85 on February 10, 2014
90 years ago
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23 Apr
1935
Joseph Stalin officially opened the first line of the Moscow Metro, the first underground in the Soviet Union. It is the world’s fifth most heavily used rapid transport system…Joseph Stalin officially opened the first line of the Moscow Metro, the first underground in the Soviet Union. It is the world’s fifth most heavily used rapid transport system after Tokyo, Beijing, Seoul and Shanghai
83 years ago
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