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Event
Anniversary
17 Jan
356
Religious ascetic St Anthony of Egypt, the founder of Christian monasticism, died in Dayr Mari Antonius hermitage, near the Red SeaReligious ascetic St Anthony of Egypt, the founder of Christian monasticism, died in Dayr Mari Antonius hermitage, near the Red Sea
1663 years ago
17 Jan
395
Theodosius I, Roman emperor in the East from 379-392 and the entire empire from 392-395, died in Milan at the age of 48Theodosius I, Roman emperor in the East from 379-392 and the entire empire from 392-395, died in Milan at the age of 48
1624 years ago
17 Jan
1377
Pope Gregory XI, the last of the French popes, restored the Papal See from Avignon to RomePope Gregory XI, the last of the French popes, restored the Papal See from Avignon to Rome
642 years ago
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17 Jan
1562
The Edict of Saint Germain took effect by which the Huguenots were recognised in France. This degree of tolerance towards Protestants was promulgated by Catherine de Medici, ruling…The Edict of Saint Germain took effect by which the Huguenots were recognised in France. This degree of tolerance towards Protestants was promulgated by Catherine de Medici, ruling as regent on behalf of her 10-year-old son, but was bitterly opposed by leading Catholics including Francois, Duke of Guise and his younger brother, Charles, Cardinal of Lorraine, resulting in the outbreak of the Wars of Religion
457 years ago
17 Jan
1600
Spanish poet and dramatist Pedro Calderon de la Barca was bornSpanish poet and dramatist Pedro Calderon de la Barca was born
419 years ago
17 Jan
1601
Treaty of Lyons was signed between France, Spain and Savoy under which Henry IV gained Bresse, Bugey, Gex and ValromeyTreaty of Lyons was signed between France, Spain and Savoy under which Henry IV gained Bresse, Bugey, Gex and Valromey
418 years ago
17 Jan
1612
Thomas Fairfax, who commanded the Parliamentarian army in the English Civil War against the Royalists, born; he defeated Charles I at the decisive battle of Naseby (1645)Thomas Fairfax, who commanded the Parliamentarian army in the English Civil War against the Royalists, born; he defeated Charles I at the decisive battle of Naseby (1645)
407 years ago
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17 Jan
1706
U.S. statesman and scientist Benjamin Franklin was born. One of the leaders in the American struggle for independence from Britain, he assisted in writing the Declaration of…U.S. statesman and scientist Benjamin Franklin was born. One of the leaders in the American struggle for independence from Britain, he assisted in writing the Declaration of Independence and Constitution
313 years ago
17 Jan
1732
King Stanislaw II of Poland born. The last King of an independent Poland, his reign saw its partition by Russia, Prussia and AustriaKing Stanislaw II of Poland born. The last King of an independent Poland, his reign saw its partition by Russia, Prussia and Austria
287 years ago
17 Jan
1746
Bonnie Prince Charlie won his last victory of the Jacobite uprising at the Battle of FalkirkBonnie Prince Charlie won his last victory of the Jacobite uprising at the Battle of Falkirk
273 years ago
17 Jan
1773
The Resolution, under the command of Captain James Cook, became the first ship to cross the Antarctic CircleThe Resolution, under the command of Captain James Cook, became the first ship to cross the Antarctic Circle
246 years ago
17 Jan
1781
The English were defeated by American militia under Daniel Morgan at the Battle of Cowpens in South CarolinaThe English were defeated by American militia under Daniel Morgan at the Battle of Cowpens in South Carolina
238 years ago
17 Jan
1806
James Madison Randolph became the first baby to be born in the White House, to Martha Jefferson Randolph, daughter of President Thomas JeffersonJames Madison Randolph became the first baby to be born in the White House, to Martha Jefferson Randolph, daughter of President Thomas Jefferson
213 years ago
17 Jan
1820
English novelist Anne Bronte, the youngest of the three literary Bronte sisters, was born. She is best known for her novel The Tenant of Wildfell HallEnglish novelist Anne Bronte, the youngest of the three literary Bronte sisters, was born. She is best known for her novel The Tenant of Wildfell Hall
199 years ago
17 Jan
1827
The Duke of Wellington was appointed Commander in Chief of the British ArmyThe Duke of Wellington was appointed Commander in Chief of the British Army
192 years ago
17 Jan
1852
Britain recognised the independence of Transvaal in the Sand River ConventionBritain recognised the independence of Transvaal in the Sand River Convention
167 years ago
17 Jan
1860
Russian playwright Anton Chekhov was born in Taganrog, RussiaRussian playwright Anton Chekhov was born in Taganrog, Russia
159 years ago
17 Jan
1863
British statesman David Lloyd George born; prime minister of a coalition government in 1916 and re-elected two years later, he served until 1922British statesman David Lloyd George born; prime minister of a coalition government in 1916 and re-elected two years later, he served until 1922
156 years ago
17 Jan
1863
Konstantin Stanislavsky, Russian actor, director, teacher and co-founder in 1898 of the Moscow Art Theatre, bornKonstantin Stanislavsky, Russian actor, director, teacher and co-founder in 1898 of the Moscow Art Theatre, born
156 years ago
17 Jan
1871
David, first Earl Beatty, British naval commander at the Battle of Jutland in 1916, was bornDavid, first Earl Beatty, British naval commander at the Battle of Jutland in 1916, was born
148 years ago
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17 Jan
1871
A U.S. patent was issued for an “endless wire rope way”. It was subsequently used for the first cable car to be put into service in the world for public transport, on Clay…A U.S. patent was issued for an “endless wire rope way”. It was subsequently used for the first cable car to be put into service in the world for public transport, on Clay Street Hill in San Francisco
148 years ago
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17 Jan
1874
Famous Siamese twins Chang and Eng Bunker died within three hours of each other, age 62. Chang and Eng (meaning “left” and “right” in Thai), were born in Thailand (then…Famous Siamese twins Chang and Eng Bunker died within three hours of each other, age 62. Chang and Eng (meaning “left” and “right” in Thai), were born in Thailand (then called Siam) of Chinese parents and were joined at the chest. Despite their condition the twins married two American sisters and both fathered large families
145 years ago
17 Jan
1880
Mack Sennett, film director, born as Mikall Sinnott in Canada. He promoted Charles Chaplin, Fatty Arbuckle and established the Keystone Kops and the Sennett Bathing BeautiesMack Sennett, film director, born as Mikall Sinnott in Canada. He promoted Charles Chaplin, Fatty Arbuckle and established the Keystone Kops and the Sennett Bathing Beauties
139 years ago
17 Jan
1893
Rutherford Hayes, 19th U.S. president, died. He was the only president to be elected by an electoral commission following a disputed ballotRutherford Hayes, 19th U.S. president, died. He was the only president to be elected by an electoral commission following a disputed ballot
126 years ago
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