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Event
Anniversary
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23 Jan
971
In China, Song dynasty troops armed with crossbows defeated the war elephant corps of the Southern Han. The Song dynasty lasted until 1279 and was noted for scientific achievements…In China, Song dynasty troops armed with crossbows defeated the war elephant corps of the Southern Han. The Song dynasty lasted until 1279 and was noted for scientific achievements such as the first known use of gunpowder and the first use of a compass to discern true north
1047 years ago
23 Jan
1516
Ferdinand II of Aragon died and was succeeded as king of Spain by his grandson, Charles VFerdinand II of Aragon died and was succeeded as king of Spain by his grandson, Charles V
502 years ago
23 Jan
1570
James Stewart, the Earl of Moray, appointed Regent of Scotland on the abdication of Mary Queen of Scots, was assassinated by the Hamiltons at Linlithgow triggering civil warJames Stewart, the Earl of Moray, appointed Regent of Scotland on the abdication of Mary Queen of Scots, was assassinated by the Hamiltons at Linlithgow triggering civil war
448 years ago
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23 Jan
1579
Th Union of Utrecht was signed, marking the beginning of the Dutch Republic. Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland, Friesland, Groningen and Overyssel signed the Union to defend…Th Union of Utrecht was signed, marking the beginning of the Dutch Republic. Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland, Friesland, Groningen and Overyssel signed the Union to defend their rights against Spain
439 years ago
23 Jan
1622
British navigator and explorer William Baffin, who gave his name to Baffin Island, diedBritish navigator and explorer William Baffin, who gave his name to Baffin Island, died
396 years ago
23 Jan
1668
Holland, Britain and Sweden signed the Alliance of the Hague, known as the Triple Alliance, under which they agreed to aid one another if attackedHolland, Britain and Sweden signed the Alliance of the Hague, known as the Triple Alliance, under which they agreed to aid one another if attacked
350 years ago
23 Jan
1719
The Principality of Liechtenstein was formed by the amalgamation of Vaduz and Schellenberg. The country lies entirely within the Alps, bordered by Switzerland and AustriaThe Principality of Liechtenstein was formed by the amalgamation of Vaduz and Schellenberg. The country lies entirely within the Alps, bordered by Switzerland and Austria
299 years ago
23 Jan
1752
Muzio Clementi, English composer and piano maker, born in Rome. Famed for his piano playing and his music publishing, he composed about 70 sonatas for pianoMuzio Clementi, English composer and piano maker, born in Rome. Famed for his piano playing and his music publishing, he composed about 70 sonatas for piano
266 years ago
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23 Jan
1783
Stendhal, French novelist, born as Marie Henri Beyle. His masterpieces, "Le Rouge et le Noir" and "La Chartreuse de Parme", did not receive widespread…Stendhal, French novelist, born as Marie Henri Beyle. His masterpieces, "Le Rouge et le Noir" and "La Chartreuse de Parme", did not receive widespread recognition during his life
235 years ago
23 Jan
1793
Russia and Prussia agreed to a second partition of PolandRussia and Prussia agreed to a second partition of Poland
225 years ago
23 Jan
1806
British prime minister William Pitt died. Known as Pitt the Younger, he became Britain's youngest prime minister at the age of 24British prime minister William Pitt died. Known as Pitt the Younger, he became Britain's youngest prime minister at the age of 24
212 years ago
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23 Jan
1832
Edouard Manet, French painter, born. His "Dejeuner sur l'Herbe" scandalised the critics but won him the enthusiasm of a group of young painters who became the forerunners…Edouard Manet, French painter, born. His "Dejeuner sur l'Herbe" scandalised the critics but won him the enthusiasm of a group of young painters who became the forerunners of the Impressionists
186 years ago
23 Jan
1849
Briton Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman to receive a medical degree, awarded in New York by the Medical Institution of GenevaBriton Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman to receive a medical degree, awarded in New York by the Medical Institution of Geneva
169 years ago
23 Jan
1883
French artist Gustave Dore, one of the most successful book illustrators of the 19th century, diedFrench artist Gustave Dore, one of the most successful book illustrators of the 19th century, died
135 years ago
23 Jan
1883
Charles Kingsley, English author of The Water Babies, diedCharles Kingsley, English author of The Water Babies, died
135 years ago
23 Jan
1898
Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein, Russian film director, born. His films include "The Battleship Potemkin" and "Ten Days that Shook the World"Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein, Russian film director, born. His films include "The Battleship Potemkin" and "Ten Days that Shook the World"
120 years ago
23 Jan
1900
In the second British-Boer War, the British attempted to break through the Boer lines to relieve Ladysmith but were thwarted at the Battle of Spion KopIn the second British-Boer War, the British attempted to break through the Boer lines to relieve Ladysmith but were thwarted at the Battle of Spion Kop
118 years ago
23 Jan
1903
Randolph Scott, U.S. film actor in numerous westerns, born as Randolph CranceRandolph Scott, U.S. film actor in numerous westerns, born as Randolph Crance
115 years ago
23 Jan
1907
The first Native American senator, Charles Curtis of Kansas, began his term of officeThe first Native American senator, Charles Curtis of Kansas, began his term of office
111 years ago
23 Jan
1909
The new 7,000 mile-long telegraphic link between London and India was hailed as a great achievementThe new 7,000 mile-long telegraphic link between London and India was hailed as a great achievement
109 years ago
23 Jan
1924
Ramsay McDonald formed the first Labour Goverment in BritainRamsay McDonald formed the first Labour Goverment in Britain
94 years ago
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23 Jan
1928
French stage and screen actress Jeanne Moreau was born; widely considered to be the embodiment of French femininity and intelligence, her films include "Les Liaisons…French stage and screen actress Jeanne Moreau was born; widely considered to be the embodiment of French femininity and intelligence, her films include "Les Liaisons Dangereuses" and "Jules et Jim"
90 years ago
23 Jan
1930
Wilhelm Frick became the first Nazi Party member to be appointed a minister in a state governmentWilhelm Frick became the first Nazi Party member to be appointed a minister in a state government
88 years ago
23 Jan
1931
Russian prima ballerina Anna Pavlova, the most celebrated dancer of her time, died from pneumonia three weeks short of her 50th birthdayRussian prima ballerina Anna Pavlova, the most celebrated dancer of her time, died from pneumonia three weeks short of her 50th birthday
87 years ago
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