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October 15
2018

Deaths

Paul Allen, co-founder of Microsoft with Bill Gates, died aged 65. After leaving the company, he set up investment firm Vulcan in 1986. He is estimated to have donated more than $2bn to philanthropic causes

October 15
2018

Disasters Accidents Riots

The UN called on the Saudi Arabia-led military coalition in Yemen to halt airstrikes that were killing many civilians and contributing to what it said could become the world’s worst famine in 100 years

October 15
2018

Society Law Politics

Right-winger Jair Bolsonaro won Brazil’s presidential election. Known for controversial comments that denigrate women, gays and racial minorities, Bolsonaro promised to clean up politics and crack down on crime

October 15
2016

Medical Science Technology

One hundred ninety-seven nations amend the Montreal Protocol to include a phase-out of hydrofluorocarbons

October 15
2015

Disasters Accidents Riots

Israelis and Palestinians experienced the worst outbreak of violence in recent years, with 32 Palestinians and seven Israelis killed in the first two weeks of October. The unrest was triggered by what the Palestinians saw as increased encroachment by Israelis on the al-Aqsa mosque on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, a site important to both Muslims and Jews

October 15
2013

Disasters Accidents Riots

A powerful earthquake hit the Philippines, killing at least 144 people. Tremors reached all of the islands in the central Philippines, destroying several buildings, roads and bridges, as well as one of the country’s oldest churches

October 15
2012

Deaths

Norodom Sihanouk, the former king who was a key figure in Cambodian politics through a half-century of war, genocide and upheaval, died in Beijing, China, following a heart attack. He was 89

October 15
2010

Medical Science Technology

The final breakthrough took place on the Gotthard Base Tunnel, under construction in the Swiss Alps, making it the world’s longest railway tunnel. The completed tunnel is 57km (35.4 miles) long

October 15
2009

Crime Espionage Terrorism

Islamic militants attacked key police facilities in the Pakistani cities of Lahore and Kohat, killing at least 37 people in their latest strikes on security forces as the army prepares an offensive against a Taliban stronghold

October 15
2009

Media Entertainment

A worldwide media circus erupted after a six-year-old American boy was thought to have been carried off in a homemade helium balloon; the boy was later found safe at his Colorado home and the incident exposed as a hoax dreamed up by his parents

October 15
2008

Economics Industry

The Dow Jones suffered the second biggest one-day drop in its history, tumbling 733.08 points, a 7.87 percent loss. It followed hard on the heels of the record fall of 777.68 points on September 29, but beat it in percentage terms, as the earlier date represented a loss of 6.98 percent

October 15
2007

Society Law Politics

The 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China opened in Beijing, China, marking the beginning of a seven-day conclave of China’s top leadership. China’s Communist Party was set to endorse changes to its leadership to determine policy for the next five years and likely indicate Hu Jintao’s successor as president in 2012

October 15
2005

Births

Denmark’s Crown Prince Frederik and his Australian-born wife, Crown Princess Mary, announced the birth of their first child, a son. The boy was named Christian, in line with royal tradition which decrees all Danish kings are named alternately Frederik or Christian. The couple married in May 2004

October 15
2005

Medical Science Technology

The deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu was found in Romania, the first appearance of the flu in Europe

October 15
2005

Society Law Politics

Millions of Iraqis voted in a referendum on a new draft constitution. In contrast to the violence of January's election, insurgent attacks were kept to a minimum. The results, announced 10 days later, showed the charter had been ratified by over 78 percent, due to strong support from the Kurdish region of northern Iraq as well as the Shia-dominated southern provinces. But the vote was closer than it appeared because the constitution would have been vetoed if three of Iraq’s 18 provinces had rejected it by a margin of two-thirds, and while two Sunni provinces comprehensively voted it down, a third could only muster 55 percent against, short of the margin required