الاتحاد الأوروبي يحقق في السيارات الكهربائية الصينية
September 15, 2023 - الاتحاد الأوروبي يدرس إقرار رسوم جمركية عقابية على واردات الصين من السيارات الكهربائية. يتم الحفاظ على أسعار السيارات الكهربائية الصينية منخفضة بشكل مصطنع من خلال الدعم الحكومي الضخم - أكثر من 53 مليار يورو بين عامي 2017 و2022.
According to automotive data analysts Jato Dynamics, the average price of a new electric car in China since 2011 has fallen from €41,800 to €22,100 in 2021 -- a drop of 47 per cent. Meanwhile, the average price in the European Union has increased from €33,300 in 2012 to above €45,000 last year -- a rise of 35 per cent.
A survey conducted in ten European countries by the Royal Dutch Touring Club, ANWB, found the price consumers are willing to pay for a new EV fell to €29,000 in 2022 -- a gap of about €16,000. This year, the purchase subsidy in the Netherlands has fallen by €600 to €2,900. On top of cost considerations, Chinese EV makers have other advantages.
In addition, a Chinese electric car sold in Europe currently attracts a 10 per cent tariff. A European EV exported to China pays between 15 and 25 per cent.
“They have the best battery technology and have locked up a lot of the important ingredients in the battery like the cobalt processing and the lithium-ion,” explained Ross Douglas, founder and CEO of Autonomy Paris, an urban mobility community.
The EU investigation will examine unfair subsidies, from raw materials and battery prices to cheap lending or land rents.