المعاشات التقاعدية في فرنسا ... مقارنة
March 24, 2023 - Mass protests against President Emmanuel Macron’s plans to raise France’s retirement age from 62 to 64 turned violent after his government pushed reforms through parliament without a vote.
French authorities fearing for the safety of the UK’s King Charles III have postponed a three-day state visit which was due to start on Sunday (March 26-29).
Riots in major cities, from Paris to Lyon, erupted overnight on Thursday, with protesters lighting bonfires and hurling projectiles at riot police. Over 400 police were injured, and more than 450 protesters were arrested on Thursday as 300 demonstrations drew more than a million nationwide.
On March 16, Macron chose to shun parliament and impose his unpopular pension reforms via an extraordinary constitutional power, the so-called “Article 49.3.”
Article 49, paragraph 3 of the French Constitution provides that the government can pass a bill without a vote at the National Assembly, the lower house of parliament, after deliberation at a Cabinet meeting.
Article 49.3 was a legacy from Gen. Charles de Gaulle’s time in 1958 when he established the Fifth Republic after the post-World War II period experienced successive short-lived, inefficient governments.