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 تقدم ضئيل في التعهدات المناخية infographic
Graphic shows failed climate change pledges ahead of COP27.


تقدم ضئيل في التعهدات المناخية

By Duncan Mil

November 3, 2022 - العديد من التعهدات التي قدمتها الدول في قمة الأمم المتحدة المعنية بتغيّر المناخ COP26 العام الماضي - للتخلص التدريجي من الفحم وخفض إزالة الغابات وانبعاثات غاز الميثان - لم يتم الوفاء بها بعد. 24 دولة فقط قامت بتحديث أهدافها الخاصة بالانبعاثات.

In 2020, when the Covid pandemic hit demand for oil and coal, global energy-related carbon dioxide emissions fell to 31.5 billion tonnes, according to the International Energy Agency.

However, last year saw emissions rise to 36.3 billion tonnes -- their highest level ever. Carbon dioxide levels increased more rapidly than the average annual growth rate of the previous decade. At the same time, methane concentrations experienced the most significant year-on-year jump since records began nearly 40 years ago.

In its “Emissions Gap Report 2022,” the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) warns that pledges made by 151 countries to improve so-called Nationally Determined Contributions to cut emissions will have a negligible effect on limiting global warming to 1.5°C.

“To get on track to limiting global warming to 1.5°C, we would need to cut 45 per cent off current greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. For 2°C, we would need to cut 30 per cent,” says Inger Andersen,
Executive Director of the UNEP in the report.

“Countries are off track to achieve even the globally highly insufficient NDCs.”

Based on current policies, estimates of global GHG emissions in 2030 will hit 58 billion tonnes.

“To get on track for limiting global warming to 1.5°C, global annual GHG emissions must be reduced by 45 per cent compared with emissions projections under policies currently in place in just eight years,” says the UNEP

PUBLISHED: 03/11/2022; STORY: Graphic News; PICTURES: Getty Images