صعود شي جين بينغ إلى السلطة في الصين
October 16, 2022 - من المتوقع أن يمدد شي جين بينغ رئاسته لفترة خمس سنوات أخرى - أو أكثر - خلال انعقاد مؤتمر الحزب الشيوعي، ليصبح بذلك أقوى زعيم في الصين منذ حكم ماو تسي تونغ.
The twice-a-decade congress, which starts on Sunday (October 16), comes as Xi prepares to claim a ground-breaking third term as leader of a nation of 1.4 billion people. Xi’s dominance over the party -- he was titled “core” leader of the Chinese Communist Party -- since he came to power in 2012 has made it much harder for China to control the whims of its leader.
In their new biography of the Chinese leader, “Xi Jinping: The Most Powerful Man in the World.” Stefan Aust and Adrian Geiges discuss the personality cult surrounding Xi. “For example, zealous provincial officials have been demanding that Christian churches replace images of Jesus with portraits of Xi Jinping.”
Critics cite Xi’s policy blunders. The government’s food security policy has forced farmers to abandon profitable agribusinesses to grow basic staples. The move follows the 2018 trade war with the U.S., during which Xi’s administration slapped retaliatory tariffs on American wheat, soybeans and other agricultural commodities.
“Converting fields to grains is a national policy everyone must follow,” a county official in Zhejiang province says. “Personal interest should give way to the national goal of self-sufficiency in food.
Xi’s zero-Covid policy has been enforced brutally by officials. Attempts to control the debt-driven property bubble and restrain private sector technology companies have disrupted two of China’s most important growth engines.
“The tech companies, and Alibaba in particular, were on the government’s radar because they got so big,” says one Shanghai-based technology investor.
Xi’s crackdown on Hong Kong and increased pressure to seize Taiwan have intensified tensions with the West. Chinese access to U.S. semiconductors and other components is now restricted.
Rejecting criticism, Victor Gao, a former Chinese diplomat, argues that China needs a paramount leader. “The party is more united than ever… China needs a strong leader who does not cave in to pressure from foreign countries and can stand up and assert China’s national interests on the global stage ” Gao said.