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 “أرتميس 1”: عودة إلى القمر (2) infographic
Graphic shows details of the Artemis I Moon mission.

“أرتميس 1”: عودة إلى القمر

By Ninian Carter

September 20, 2022 - “أرتميس 1” هي مهمة غير مأهولة مصممة لاختبار جدوى منصة إطلاق SLS الجديدة وكبسولة أوريون للرحلات المأهولة. تعتبر هذه الخطوة الأولى في عودة إلى القمر طالما أعلنت عنها وكالة ناسا الفضائية.

Technical setbacks over the weekend and on Monday, including multiple lightning strikes, pressurisation problems and a stuck valve have caused NASA to scrub Artemis I’s three-day “wet dress rehearsal” – fuelling of the rocket and a simulated full countdown.

The uncrewed Artemis I mission is due to take-off in June on a flight that will last 26-42 days:

1) Space Launch System (SLS) super heavy-lift launch vehicle blasts off from Launch Complex 39B at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, carrying an empty Orion crew module.

2) Solid rocket boosters and core stage separation – ship enters Earth orbit.

3) Ship journeys to Moon (8-14 days), deploying 10 CubeSats along the way.

4) Enter into orbit around Moon (6-19 days).

5) Return flight to Earth (9-19 days).

6) Crew module separation and splashdown in Pacific Ocean.

If successful, Artemis II is scheduled to blast-off in May 2024, with a crew of four astronauts, on a lunar-flyby-return-to-Earth test mission.

Assuming success of Artemis II, Artemis III is set to land two humans on the Moon in 2025, and keep them there for a week – making it the the first human moon landing since Apollo 17 in 1972 (53 years ago).

PUBLISHED: 20/09/2022; STORY: Graphic News