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Graphic shows six key members of the Taliban.


الشخصيات البارزة في حركة طالبان

By Duncan Mil

August 16, 2021 - ظهرت طالبان،التي شارك في تأسيسها الملا محمد عمر والملا عبد الغني بردار في العام 1994، من فوضى الحرب الأهلية. وفي أعقاب الغزو السوفياتي لأفغانستان عام 1979، اجتذبت حرب العصابات استمرت عقدًا من الزمن مقاتلين من جميع أنحاء العالم الإسلامي - بمن في ذلك أسامة بن لادن.

Backed by Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) agency, the Taliban seized power in 1996. Mullah Omar imposed a ruthless brand of Sharia (Islamic law), with public executions, amputation for those found guilty of theft, and the brutal oppression of women.

Mullah Omar grants sanctuary to bin Laden and his followers in 1998. The same year, Al Qaeda attacks against United States Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania killed 224 people.

Al Qaeda attacked the American destroyer USS Cole in 2000, killing 17 U.S. sailors. Still, it took the 9/11 attacks, which killed 2,977 people in the United States, to trigger the U.S.-led invasion of Afghanistan.

PUBLISHED: 16/08/2021; STORY: Graphic News; PICTURES: Associated Press, FBI