الإمارات تطلق “الأمل” في مهمة إلى المريخ
July 14, 2020 - In the first planetary mission by any Arab country, the UAE’s Hope probe will study the atmosphere of Mars and explore why it loses hydrogen and oxygen gases into space.
The UAE's Hope Mars satellite mission will launch from Tanegashima Space Center in Japan, riding on a H-IIA two-stage launch vehicle. It is due to arrive in February 2021, the UAE’s 50th birthday year.
The operation is being carried out in collaboration with the Universities of Colorado-Boulder, California-Berkley and Arizona State. The probe was built by the Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre in Dubai.
Hope will orbit Mars, collecting data for two years, with an option for a further two years if successful. The mission is designed to investigate the differences between the current and ancient climate of Mars, the loss of hydrogen and oxygen from the Martian atmosphere, and the relationship between the lower and upper atmosphere.
It is expected to provide a global daily picture of Martian weather and perhaps provide the reason behind Mars' drastic climate changes.